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Past Problems

Adopt a Kelp Forest Program

Kelp forests in Baja California are rapidly declining. To save them, novel restoration innovations are being developed like “green gravel.” To support this innovative restoration technique, what funding options exist (e.g., could an “adopt a kelp forest” scheme or other market-based effort support kelp restoration?).

Can Reef Restoration Be Designed to Save Coastal Communities?

Recent work shows that nature-based defenses and coral reefs in particular can offer significant flood risk reduction to communities. Indeed, these benefits could pay for reef restoration if restoration were designed to quickly increase shallow reef height and complexity. But current coral reef restoration efforts are nascent and focused mainly on growing tiny coral and not designed to offer these coastal protection benefits. How might these solutions be designed to offer multiple benefits?